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Orthognathic Surgery

TMJ Disorders

TMJ Disorders

What is TMJ?


The TM (Temporomadibular) joint is one of the most complex joints in the body, combining rotational and translation movements when chewing and speaking. 

Located on each side of the head, the TM joint is a ball-and-socket joint located where the upper and lower jaws meet. When the joint is properly aligned, smooth muscle action such as speaking, talking, and chewing can take place.  When they are not aligned, several problems may occur.

What is Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD)?

Temporomandibular disorders are disorders of the jaw muscles, TM joints, and/or nerves associated to chronic facial pain. 

TMD is primarily caused by excessive strain on the muscle group that controls chewing, swallowing, and speech.  This strain may be a result of bruxism, severe clenching of the teeth, or other physical and mental strain.

What are the symptoms of TMD?

  • Jaw Pain and/or stiffness

  • Headaches, usually around the temple

  • Sensitive teeth

  • Locking of the jaw

  • Clenching and grinding of teeth

  • Clicking and/or popping of the jaw

  • Dizziness

  • Ringing in the ear and earaches

  • Limited mouth mobility

Treatment Options: 

Every person with TMD is different. Our specialists will tailor a treatment plan to your specific needs. If you have experienced any of these symptoms please call our office to set up an examination. 

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